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Toxotes jaculatrix  (Pallas, 1767)

Banded archerfish
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Image of Toxotes jaculatrix (Banded archerfish)
Toxotes jaculatrix
Picture by Randall, J.E.


India country information

Common names: [No common name]
Occurrence: native
Salinity: freshwater
Abundance: common (usually seen) | Ref: Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991
Importance: minor commercial | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: live export: yes;
Comments: Common in the Hooghly estuary, West Bengal (Ref. 4833). Primarily inhabits brackish mangrove estuaries and also enters freshwater ((Ref. 45255). Also Ref. 37816.
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/in.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Toxotidae (Archerfishes)
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4833); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4833)

Environment

Freshwater; brackish; reef-associated; amphidromous (Ref. 51243)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672)

Distribution

Asia and Oceania: India eastward to the Philippines, and south to Indonesia, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, and northern Australia.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 15 - 17.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs primarily in brackish mangrove estuaries, but also penetrates rivers and small streams (Ref. 4833, 44894). Reported to occur near overhanging vegetation on reefs (Ref. 9710, 48636). Usually in small aggregations (Ref. 48635). Feeds at the surface during daytime on floating debris which includes insects and vegetable matter. It is renowned for its ability to 'shoot down' insect prey by expelling beads of water from its mouth with considerable force and for its remarkable ability to compensate for visual refraction when aiming its shoots; shooting range is about 150 cm (Ref. 2847, 55339). Sold fresh in markets.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless



Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5156 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
2.6   ±0.27 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low vulnerability (16 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown