Ecology of Etheostoma caeruleum
 
Main Ref. Martin, F.D., 1984
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Etheostoma caeruleum may be found.
Remarks Inhabits fast gravel and rubble riffles of creeks and small to medium rivers.

Substrate

Substrate Hard Bottom: rocky; rubble;
Substrate Ref. Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Martin, F.D., 1984
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Martin, F.D., 1984
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.30 0.46 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Miranda, Lilibeth on 08.22.01
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 08.02.07
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