Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche, 1809)
Blackbelly rosefish
photo by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Family:  Sebastidae (Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads), subfamily: Sebastinae
Max. size:  50 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 1,550.0 g; max. reported age: 43 years
Environment:  bathydemersal; depth range 50 - 1100 m
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Venezuela. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland (Ref. 12462) and Norway to the Mediterranean and the Gulf of Guinea, including Madeira, the Azores, and the Canary Islands; also Walvis Bay, Namibia to Natal, South Africa (Ref. 4313).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 12-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 5-5. Pinkish with faint dusky bars; Y-shaped dark bar between soft dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 4313).
Biology:  Adults are found in soft bottom areas of the continental shelf and upper slope. They feed on both benthic and pelagic organisms (crustaceans, fishes, cephalopods, and echinoderms) (Ref. 4570). The reproductive mode is a zygoparous form of oviparity, intermediate between oviparity and viviparity (Ref. 36265, 79712). Larvae and juveniles are pelagic (Ref. 4570). Anterolateral glandular grooves with venom gland (Ref. 57406). Sold fresh (Ref. 27121).
IUCN Red List Status: (Ref. 115185)
Threat to humans:  venomous
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 17.10.90
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 02.05.16
Checked by: Luna, Susan M. - 23.08.94

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