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Muraena helena  Linnaeus, 1758

Mediterranean moray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Muraena helena   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Muraena helena (Mediterranean moray)
Muraena helena
Picture by Patzner, R.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Muraena: Latin, muraena = morey eel (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Lingkungan / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; laut berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 1 - 801 m (Ref. 58348), usually 100 - 300 m (Ref. 58348).   Subtropical; 52°N - 13°N, 32°W - 36°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: south of British Isles to Senegal, including the Mediterranean, Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands, and Cape Verde.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 75.5, range 69 - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 12382); common length : 80.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3397); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 6.5 kg (Ref. 58348); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 38 Tahun (Ref. 58348)

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

A nocturnal and territorial species (Ref. 12382), commonly lurking in holes, and writhing snakelike through crevices, under rocks or corals. Feeds on fish, crabs and squid (Ref. 12382). It seldom attacks unless provoked (Ref. 3256). A gonochoristic species (Ref. 32169). Utilized fresh and eaten broiled, boiled and baked; the skin can be used for leather (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Migrate to offshore waters to spawn (Ref. 98745).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Smith, D.G. and E.B. Böhlke, 1990. Muraenidae. p. 136-148. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4450)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)




penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Akuarium: Akuarium publik
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.1 - 16.2, mean 14.4 (based on 181 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00132 (0.00104 - 0.00167), b=3.08 (3.01 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.61 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  sangat rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum lebih dari 14 tahun (tmax=38.1; tm=7.1; K=0.078).
Prior r = 0.24, 2 SD range = 0.09 - 0.63, log(r) = -1.43, SD log(r) = 0.49, Based on: 2 K, 1 tgen, 1 tmax, records
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (79 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Low.