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Muraena helena  Linnaeus, 1758

Mediterranean moray
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Muraena helena   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Muraena helena (Mediterranean moray)
Muraena helena
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Muraena: Latin, muraena = morey eel (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Medioambiente / Clima / Gama Ecología

; marino asociado a arrecife; rango de profundidad 1 - 801 m (Ref. 58348), usually 100 - 300 m (Ref. 58348).   Subtropical; 52°N - 13°N, 32°W - 36°E

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: south of British Isles to Senegal, including the Mediterranean, Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands, and Cape Verde.

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 75.5, range 69 - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 12382); common length : 80.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 3397); peso máximo publicado: 6.5 kg (Ref. 58348); edad máxima reportada: 38 años (Ref. 58348)

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

A nocturnal and territorial species (Ref. 12382), commonly lurking in holes, and writhing snakelike through crevices, under rocks or corals. Feeds on fish, crabs and squid (Ref. 12382). It seldom attacks unless provoked (Ref. 3256). A gonochoristic species (Ref. 32169). Utilized fresh and eaten broiled, boiled and baked; the skin can be used for leather (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Migrate to offshore waters to spawn (Ref. 98745).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Smith, D.G. and E.B. Böhlke, 1990. Muraenidae. p. 136-148. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4450)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)




Human uses

Pesquerías: escaso valor comercial; Acuario: Acuarios públicos
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Más información

Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Despredadores
Ecotoxicología
Reproducción
Madurez
Puesta
Fecundidad
Huevos
Egg development
Age/Size
Crecimiento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometría
Morfología
Larva
Dinámica larvaria
Reclutamiento
Abundancia
Referencias
Acuicultura
Perfil de acuicultura
Razas
Genética
Frecuencias de alelos
heritabilidad
Enfermedades
Procesamiento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Imágenes
Stamps, Coins
Sonidos
Ciguatera
Velocidad
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial
Otolitos
Cerebros
Visión

Herramientas

Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.1 - 16.2, mean 14.4 (based on 181 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00132 (0.00104 - 0.00167), b=3.08 (3.01 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.61 se; Based on food items.
Resiliencia (Ref. 69278):  Muy bajo, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo superior a 14 años (tmax=38.1; tm=7.1; K=0.078).
Prior r = 0.24, 2 SD range = 0.09 - 0.63, log(r) = -1.43, SD log(r) = 0.49, Based on: 2 K, 1 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (79 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.