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Scorpaena scrofa  Linnaeus, 1758

Red scorpionfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Scorpaena scrofa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scorpaena scrofa (Red scorpionfish)
Scorpaena scrofa
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae (Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Scorpaena: Latin, scorpaena = a kind of fish, 1706 (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; marino; salmastro demersale; non migratori; distribuzione batimetrica 20 - 500 m (Ref. 4510), usually ? - 150 m (Ref. 27000).   Subtropical; 60°N - 35°S, 26°W - 36°E

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: British Isles (rare) to Senegal including Madeira, the Canary Islands, and Cape Verde. Also throughout the Mediterranean except Black Sea. South African species thought to be the same as population in the northeast Atlantic (Ref. 4313).

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 4510); common length : 30.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 2683); Peso massimo pubblicato: 3.0 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 12; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 9; Spine anali 3; Raggi anali molli: 5. Dark spot often on spinous dorsal (Ref. 4313).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Solitary and sedentary over rocky, sandy or muddy bottoms. Feeds on fishes, crustaceans and mollusks (Ref.4570).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Hureau, J.-C. and N.I. Litvinenko, 1986. Scorpaenidae. p. 1211-1229. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol 3. (Ref. 4570)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 4690)




Human uses

Pesca: commerciale; Acquario: Acquari pubblici
FAO(pesca: production; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 11.1 - 18, mean 14.4 (based on 189 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.01075 - 0.01543), b=3.00 (2.96 - 3.04), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 69278):  Basso, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 4.5 - 14 anni (K=0.08).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.