Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Xyrichtyinae
Etymology: Iniistius: Latin, in = in + Greek, istion = sail; brevipinnis: Named for its fins being shorter, in general, than those of its congeners (Ref. 93522).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 42 m (Ref. 93522). Tropical, preferred ?
Indian Ocean: South Africa, Eastern Cape, off Port Edward (Ref. 93522).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93522)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 12;
Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D IX,12; A III,12; pectoral rays 12; interrupted lateral line, 21 + 5 pored scales; cheek naked except for 3 rows of small scales below eye, first row of 7 scales curves to behind lower fourth of eye, second one straight with 6 scales, and the third row, 3 embedded scales; 2 small scales dorsoanteriorly on opercle, 1 embedded; scales absent basally on dorsal and anal fins; 17 gill rakers; body depth 3.3 in SL; body compressed, the width 2.6 in body depth; dentition generic; origin of dorsal fin above posterior edge of orbit; first 2 dorsal spines slender, flexible. the first spine slightly longer, 3.0 in head length (HL); third dorsal spine 4.8 in HL; space between first two dorsal spines 2.3 in space between second and third dorsal spines; membrane deeply notched between second and third spines; slightly rounded caudal fin is very short, 1.8 in HL; pelvic fins short, not approaching anus, 1.7 in HL; when fresh, greenish gray, scales below lateral line with a vertically elliptical violet spot, except for a broad bright red area above anal fin and ventral half of caudal peduncle; scales above lateral line with green edges and a faint red spot; anterior edge of head and nape blue; 2 vertical parallel violet lines from chin across lips and fading half distance to eye; median fins blue with yellow markings; pectoral fins translucent, except for black edges on upper three rays, the base violet, with two broad lavender-pink arcs around base; pelvic fins blue; iris yellow with a broad lavender-pink ring. Iniistius griffithsi differs from I. brevipinnis in having a more evenly convex dorsal profile of the head, a shorter suborbital, larger mouth, and its fifth and sixth dorsal and anal rays are the longest, 2.5-2.6 in HL (vs. penultimate rays longest, 3.0 in HL in I. brevipinnis) (Ref. 93522).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 2013. Seven new species of labrid fishes (Coris, Iniistius, Macropharyngodon, Novaculops, and Pteragogus) from the Western Indian Ocean. J. Ocean Sci. Foundation 7:1-43. (Ref. 93522)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .