Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas)
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae
(Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Helicolenus: Greek, helike, -es = spiral + Greek, lenos, -ou = cavity (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marinhas batidemersal; intervalo de profundidade 50 - 1100 m (Ref. 41452), usually 150 - 600 m (Ref. 84778). Deep-water; 70°N - 46°S
Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Venezuela. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland (Ref. 12462) and Norway to the Mediterranean and the Gulf of Guinea, including Madeira, the Azores, and the Canary Islands; also Walvis Bay, Namibia to Natal, South Africa (Ref. 4313).
Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade
Maturity: Lm 32.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 89108); common length : 25.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4510); Peso máx. publicado: 1.6 kg (Ref. 40637); Idade máx. registada: 43 anos (Ref. 41452)
Espinhos dorsais (total): 12; Raios dorsais (total): 12-13; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais : 5. Pinkish with faint dusky bars; Y-shaped dark bar between soft dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 4313).
Adults are found in soft bottom areas of the continental shelf and upper slope. They feed on both benthic and pelagic organisms (crustaceans, fishes, cephalopods, and echinoderms) (Ref. 4570). The reproductive mode is a zygoparous form of oviparity, intermediate between oviparity and viviparity (Ref. 36265, 79712). Larvae and juveniles are pelagic (Ref. 4570). Anterolateral glandular grooves with venom gland (Ref. 57406). Sold fresh (Ref. 27121).
The reproductive mode is a zygoparous form of oviparity, intermediate between oviparity and viviparity (Ref. 36265, 79712). Eggs covered with gelatinous material are fertilised in the ovary. Eggs are released into the seabed at various stages of development and larvae assumes a planktonic existence once the gelatinous covering dissolves (Ref. 31150).
Eschmeyer, W.N. and L.J. Dempster, 1990. Scorpaenidae. p. 665-679. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4510)
Status na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Uso pelos humanos
Pescarias: espécies comerciais
Fontes da internet
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4 - 18.1, mean 10.6 (based on 1236 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00963 - 0.01307), b=3.09 (3.04 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278
): Muito baixo, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população maior que 14 anos (K=0.06-0.2; tm=13-16; tmax=43).
Prior r = 0.25, 2 SD range = 0.12 - 0.50, log(r) = -1.39, SD log(r) = 0.36, Based on: 1 M, 14 K, 3 tgen, 7 tmax, 2 Fec records
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .