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Anoxypristis cuspidata  (Latham, 1794)

Pointed sawfish
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Anoxypristis cuspidata
Picture by CSIRO

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Élasmobranches (requins et raies) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Pristidae (Sawfishes)
Etymology: Anoxypristis: Greek, ana = up + Greek, oxy = sharp, pointed + Greek, pristis = saw (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; eau douce; saumâtre benthopélagique; amphidrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 0 - 40 m (Ref. 9859), usually ? - 40 m (Ref. 55270).   Tropical; 43°N - 18°S, 33°E - 152°E (Ref. 55270)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and the Persian Gulf to New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia (Ref. 9859). Formerly common in the Western Central Pacific, apparently declining in some areas (Ref. 47737).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?, range 246 - 282 cm
Max length : 470 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9859)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Greyish above, pale below; fins usually pale. Body shark-like, pectoral fins distinct; head flattened, with a blade-like snout bearing 18-22 pairs of lateral teeth; blade slender, not tapering distally. Nostrils very narrow with small nasal flaps. Rostral teeth short, flattened, broadly triangular, lacking a groove along posterior margins; no teeth on basal quarter of blade. Adults with widely spaced denticles, young with naked skin.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found inshore, often in river deltas and estuaries; penetration well up rivers needs confirmation (Ref. 9859). Common in sheltered bays with sandy bottoms. Feeds on small fish and cuttlefish (Ref. 9859). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Generally harmless but its saw-like snout may cause serious injury when caught: it is known thrash violently and vigorously (Ref. 9859). Caught for its flesh and liver (which is rich in oil) in some parts of Asia (Ref. 6871). Maximum lengths of up to 610 cm TL are based on unconfirmed reports (Ref. 9859).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Ovoviviparous. Litter size from 6 to 23, young born in the spring (Ref. 9859).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : McEachran, John | Collaborateurs

Mould, B., 1994. A world list of rays. The scientific nomenclature and distribution of the recent Batoidea (Batoidea, Elasmobranchii, Chondrichthyes). University of Nottingham, [UK]. 82 p. (Ref. 8630)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

  Menacé (EN) (A2cd)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless (Ref. 9859)




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Écosystèmes
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Noms communs
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29.1, mean 28.2 (based on 1982 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00193 - 0.01241), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (78 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Medium.