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Parakneria spekii  (Günther, 1868)

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Parakneria spekii
Picture by Seegers, L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gonorynchiformes (Milkfish) > Kneriidae (Shellears)

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: 5 - 15.   Tropical; 20°C - 22°C (Ref. 2059)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Wami and Ruvu drainages in Tanzania (Ref. 26644).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89309)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Diagnosis: body depth 7 (Ref. 1878) - 11.4 (Ref. 26644) times in TL, 5.9-9.4 times in SL (Ref. 26644). Head as broad as deep, 2 times as long as broad (Ref. 1878), its length 5.4-6.4 times in TL and 4.4-5.1 times in SL (Ref. 26644). Snout length 32.9-40.7% HL (Ref. 26644). Eye lateral, just visible from below (Ref. 1878), 4-5.3 times in HL, 19-25% HL (Ref. 26644). Interorbital width 40-46.9% HL (Ref. 26644). Dorsal fin origin at equal distance from anterior border of eye, centre of eye (Ref. 1878) or snout tip (Ref. 3022) and from root of caudal. Predorsal length 54.8-59% SL (Ref. 26644). Anal fin origin a little nearer root of caudal than root of ventrals (Ref. 1878, 89309). Preanal length 76.1-79.3% SL (Ref. 26644). Pectoral a little shorter than head (Ref. 1878, 3022), longer than pelvic (Ref. 3022), 14.9-21.6% SL (Ref. 26644). Pelvic fin 11.6-17.7% SL (Ref. 26644). Caudal peduncle nearly twice as long as deep (Ref. 1878), its length 13-16.3% SL and 63.0-77.9% HL (Ref. 26644). Distinct coloration consisting of rounded dark olive spots on the back (Ref. 26644).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum total length recorded is 61.9mm (Ref. 26644). Inhabits upland streams and pools; hardy, can survive some time out of water (Ref. 4967). Omnivorous, feeding on algae, small insect larvae and crustaceans, but preferring algae if present (Ref. 26644).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Seegers, L., 1995. Revision of the Kneriidae of Tanzania with description of three new Kneria species (Teleostei: Gonorhynchifromes). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 6(2):97-128. (Ref. 26644)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.