Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Calamus: Greek, kalamos = reed, cane (Ref. 45335). More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 7 - 90 m (Ref. 26938). Subtropical; 37°N - 18°N, 98°W - 73°W
Western Atlantic: North Carolina to southern Florida in the USA and the entire Gulf of Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8889); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3815); max. published weight: 2.6 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 17 years (Ref. 8889)
Found over hard bottoms. Sometimes taken in trawls and hook and line; good food fish (Ref. 26938).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sex change occurs at 30-50 cm TL.
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.8 - 27.5, mean 25 (based on 222 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.01025 - 0.03084), b=2.89 (2.74 - 3.04), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.31 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.17; tmax=17).
Prior r = 0.51, 2 SD range = 0.32 - 0.83, log(r) = -0.67, SD log(r) = 0.24, Based on: 1 M, 1 K, 1 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .