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Belonoperca chabanaudi  Fowler & Bean, 1930

Arrowhead soapfish
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Belonoperca chabanaudi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Belonoperca chabanaudi (Arrowhead soapfish)
Belonoperca chabanaudi
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Grammistinae
Etymology: Belonoperca: Greek, belone = needle; any fish with sharp pointed snout; also Pierre Belon, 1517-64, French zoologist born in Le Mans. Professor at the College de France, author of " La nature et diversité des poissons", 1551 + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Fowler.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 4 - 50 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 30°N - 23°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8. Body brown in color (may also be dusky bluish grey to almost black (Ref. 48635)), caudal peduncle with saddle-like yellow spot; large ocellated black spot on spinous dorsal (Ref. 4326).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in steep slopes of coral rich areas. Usually hovers in mid water in caves (Ref. 9710). Nocturnal species (Ref. 4326). Secretive and solitary (Ref. 37816). Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 89972). Easily missed and normally the yellow spot is noticed first (Ref. 48635). Produces the skin toxin grammistin.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00160 - 0.01085), b=3.14 (2.91 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.67 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .