Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Gymnuridae
Etymology: Gymnura: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 6871). Tropical; 4°S - 33°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 35 - 40 cm
Max length : 73.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 6871)
Indo-West Pacific: northern Australia and south coast of New Guinea. Also in the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819).
Occurs from the intertidal to at least 50 m depth. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Caught by shrimp trawlers.
Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00488 - 0.04699), b=3.03 (2.78 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec assumed to be <10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .