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Osteochilus melanopleurus  (Bleeker, 1852)

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Osteochilus melanopleurus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Osteochilus: Greek, osteon = bone + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - ? ; dH range: 5 - 8; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Mekong and, Chao Phraya basins, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 29.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Has 45-53 lateral line scales; 16-18 branched dorsal rays; an upturned mouth; a greenish to greyish body; a large, vertically elongated, blackish blotch above pectoral fin; sometime a faint round blotch on the caudal peduncle.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs at midwater to bottom depths in rivers, streams, canals and swamps. Large individuals also occur in impoundments. Moves into seasonally flooded habits that supply its preferred diet of mostly periphyton as well as leafy plants like aquatic macrophytes and inundated land plants. Also feeds on phytoplankton, filamentous algae and benthic algae. Begins to return to the river in October, with numbers steadily increasing until January, when they begin to decline again. Large individuals are sold fresh or dried and salted, smaller ones are made into prahoc (Ref. 12693).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Are partial spawners.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Roberts, T.R., 1989. The freshwater fishes of Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci. 14:210 p. (Ref. 2091)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00288 - 0.01001), b=3.06 (2.90 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.3   ±0.18 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.