Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae
(Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Pteroidichthys: Greek, pteron = wing, fin + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 3 - 43 m (Ref. 106976). Tropical; 37°N - 27°S, 107°E - 178°W (Ref. 106976)
Indo-West Pacific: from southern Japan (except Ryukyu Islands), Vietnam, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Australia, Taiwan, India, and the Red Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
soft rays: 6. This species is distinguished by the following characters: A II,6; dorsal-fin spines flexible, bend easily under slight pressure; snout is relatively short, 12.3-17.0% (mean 14.3%) of SL, it is shorter than postorbital length; posterior margin of maxilla reaching to or extending beyond vertical through middle of pupil; the distance between tips of lateral lacrimal and the first suborbital spines is shorter than or subequal to that between tips of first and second suborbital spines; no supplemental preopercular spine; tentacles on supraocular and posterior lacrimal spines are well developed, their lengths greater than orbit diameter; trunk and fins with numerous tentacles; lateral lacrimal and suborbital spines are poorly developed, indistinct, usually tiny spines and often bony protuberances without pointed tips; absence of distinct black blotch on soft-rayed portion of dorsal fin (Ref. 106976).
This species lives primarily in algae or soft-bottom habitats (Ref. 48635); it can be easily overlooked because of its superb camouflage (Ref. 54980). Solitary among weed or on mud bottoms (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Motomura, H. and Y. Kanade, 2015. Review of the scorpionfish genus Pteroidichthys (Scorpaenidae), with descriptions of two new species. Zootaxa 4057(4):490-510. (Ref. 106976)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 720 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00587 - 0.02579), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .