Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Mugiliformes
(Mullets) > Mugilidae
Etymology: Chelon: Greek, chelone = turtle (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; catadromous (Ref. 46888). Subtropical; 65°N - 12°N, 24°W - 36°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 29.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35388); common length : 32.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7399); max. published weight: 4.5 kg (Ref. 35388); max. reported age: 25 years (Ref. 35388)
Eastern Atlantic: Scandinavia and Iceland (Ref. 4537) south to Senegal and Cape Verde. Also Mediterranean Sea; southwestern Black Sea (Ref. 2058).
Occur inshore, enters brackish lagoons and freshwater (Ref. 30578). Migrate occasionally. Tend to move northward in summer-time as the temperatures rise. Feed mainly on benthic diatoms, epiphytic algae, small invertebrates and detritus (Ref. 2804). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Reproduction occurs in the sea during winter (Ref. 30578). Eggs and larvae pelagic. Utilized as a food fish (Ref. 4645).
Thomson, J.M., 1986. Mugilidae. p. 344-349. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC; Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01290 (0.01105 - 0.01506), b=3.00 (2.96 - 3.04), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.32 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.12-0.17; tm=3; tmax=25).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .