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Betta rutilans  Witte & Kottelat, 1991

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Betta rutilans
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Siamese local name of the fish "ikan bettah".   More on author: Kottelat.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Belongs to the Betta coccina complex which is distinguished by having only 9 abdominal vertebrae (vs. 10-11 in all other Betta) and usually a deep red color. Within this complex, Betta persephone is distinguished by its blackish coloration. Betta rutilans shares with Betta tussyae, a modal dorsal ray count of 12 (vs. 10 and 11 in other species of the complex), a modal subdorsal scale count of 9 (vs. 7), a greater length of dorsal base (20-23% SL, vs. 14-19), absence of a midlateral blotch (vs. usually present in male Betta coccina and Betta sp. Witte & Schmidt, submitted) and white pelvic filament (vs. black in Betta coccina). Betta rutilans differs from Betta tussyae by a lower mode in dorsal (I, vs. II) and anal spines (II, vs. III), smaller size (up to 25 mm SL, vs. 48, aquarium specimens), and absence of bluish green spots on proximal areas of unpaired fins (vs. usually present). The single cleared and stained specimens is apparently distinguished from all other Betta by having fused hypurals 6 and 7 (Ref. 26721).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .