Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Notropis: A misnomer given by Rafinesque to shriveled specimens, with the meaning of "back keel"; from Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335); maculatus: From the word maculatus, meaning spotted (Ref. 10294).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 38°N - 27°N
North America: in Atlantic, Gulf, and Mississippi River basins from Cape Fear River in North Carolina, USA to Sabine River in Texas, USA; north in Former Mississippi Embayment to southern Illinois, USA; throughout Florida, USA except in extreme southern tip.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 5.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 1 years (Ref. 12193)
Usually occurs near vegetation in swamps, ponds, backwaters, pools of small to large rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294) and oxbow lakes. Feeds on microcrustaceans (chydorid cladocerans, cyclopoid copepods, ostracods), rotifers, unicellular algae (desmids and diatoms), and small dipteran larvae (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00318 - 0.01574), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .