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Paraclinus marmoratus  (Steindachner, 1876)

Marbled blenny
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Paraclinus marmoratus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Paraclinus marmoratus (Marbled blenny)
Paraclinus marmoratus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labrisomidae (Labrisomids)
Etymology: Paraclinus: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, klinein, kline = sloping and bed, due to the four apophyses of sphenoid bone (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: southern Florida, USA and the Bahamas to Central America and northern South America; absent in the Antilles, except for Cuba.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 28 - 29; Dorsal soft rays (total): 1; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 19 - 20

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits seagrass beds and coral reefs. May be found associated with the sponge Verongia fistularis (Ref. 13628). Sexual dimorphism in the shape of the head and dorsal fin (Ref. 5521). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Polygynous males guard the eggs which are spawned by several females in nests (Ref. 55842).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Females deposit eggs in nests often associated with the sponge Verongia fistularis (Ref. 55842). Males fan the eggs for aeration which are probably spawned by several females owing to different developmental stages of eggs present in the nests (Ref. 205). Pairs will spawn routinely in aquaria in the absence of the sponges (Ref. 205). According to aquarium observations by Breder (1941), "spawning takes place with the female in an inverted position while the male remains upright, wandering females adding to the eggs. The nesting male on sexual exhaustion repulses additional females with a typical warning attitude and eventual biting similar to its reaction to another male or other fish."

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Williams, Jeffrey T. | Collaborators

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00394 - 0.02210), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .