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Pagellus bellottii  Steindachner, 1882

Red pandora
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Pagellus bellottii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pagellus bellottii (Red pandora)
Pagellus bellottii
Picture by Dammous, S.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Pagellus: Diminutive of Latin, pager, derived from Greek, pagros = a fish, Dentex sp. (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Steindachner.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 250 m (Ref. 27000), usually 10 - 50 m (Ref. 5377).   Subtropical; 37°N - 17°S, 19°W - 14°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Strait of Gibraltar to Angola, including the southwestern Mediterranean (Ref. 3469) and the Canary Islands.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 12.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 42.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4781); common length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4781)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in schools over hard as well as sandy bottoms, especially in the upper 100 m. Omnivorous with a predominantly carnivorous diet (including crustaceans, cephalopods, small fish, amphioxus and worms). Protogynic hermaphrodite (Ref. 3688).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Intermittent spawning occurs from the second year onwards between May and November according to the latitude, the stock moving toward the coast for this purpose.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.01003 - 0.01509), b=3.04 (3.01 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.18-0.53; tm=1; tmax=7; Fec=60,200).
Prior r = 0.71, 2 SD range = 0.41 - 1.22, log(r) = -0.34, SD log(r) = 0.27, Based on: 1 M, 8 K, 3 tgen, 2 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.