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Aequidens pallidus  (Heckel, 1840)

Doublespot acara
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Aequidens pallidus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Aequidens: Latin, aequus, equal, equally + Latin, dens, dentis = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 10.   Tropical; 22°C - 30°C (Ref. 40602)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Amazon River basin, in the middle and lower Negro River, Uatumã, Preto da Eva, and Puraquequara rivers.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is moderately large (to c. 14.0 cm) with triserial predorsal scale pattern, relatively long pectoral fin (36.6-44.6% of SL) and 25-26 scales in the E1 row. It is most similar to A. tubicen, both of which have an enhanced, wide light spot anterior to the caudal spot, lateral band high on side, posteriorly positioned midlateral spot, and high vertebral count (14 + 13 = 27). A. pallidus differs from A. tubicen in the colour pattern, having a supraorbital spot, (vs. none in A. tubicen) and a normal cheek spot (A. tubicen has a preopercular spot). In this species the posterior part of the lateral band is uninterrupted at all sizes (vs. divided into blotches in A. tubicen). Aequidens pallidus, though resembling A. diadema, can be distinguished from the latter by having higher E1 scale row count 25-26 (vs. 24); much narrower dark margins on dorsal flank scales; and, more posteriorly positioned midlateral spot (through E3 scales 12-15 instead of c. 10-13) (Ref. 86501).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Collected from lotic black to clear water: in Rio Uatumá, this species was collected from marginal pools in rapids after the Balbina dam was closed and the river level dropped considerably below normal low water Ievel; Río Preto da Eva site was a relatively slow flowing small forest stream, while the Igarape Tarumázinho site was a swift flowing forest stream. Although collections indicate swamps and lakes, this species has been collected mostly in running water. Reported food items of specimens from Río Negro were chiefly fish and detritus (Ref. 86501). Inhabits rivers (Ref. 12251). Maximum length 20.0 cm TL (Ref. 40602).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Not a larvophil mouthbrooder (Ref. 40602).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02630 (0.01367 - 0.05061), b=3.15 (2.98 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec<1000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .