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Paracheilinus filamentosus  Allen, 1974

Filamentous wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Paracheilinus filamentosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Paracheilinus filamentosus (Filamentous wrasse)
Paracheilinus filamentosus
Male picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Paracheilinus: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, chaite = hair + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 35 m (Ref. 9710), usually 10 - 25 m (Ref. 48636).   Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Similan Islands, Andaman Sea and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean; Kranket Islands, Madang, New Guinea; off Manado and Celebes (Indonesia); Concoro Islands, Cuyo Islands, Philippines, and the Solomon Islands (Ref. 2139). Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Palau, and the Great Barrier Reef (Ref. 9823).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9823)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 25. Emarginate caudal fin become lunate in males; 2-6 soft dorsal rays of males greatly prolonged (the odd-numbered rays beginning with the first); may be slightly prolonged in females (not so in Philippine adult females); non filamentous rays approximately equal in length (Ref. 2139). Tubed peduncular scales 5.9; side of body with four or five narrow red to blue stripes, only the first and third extending full length of body (Ref. 41634).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This group may consist of several different species and genetic studies are required (Ref. 90102). Found in rubble areas in passages and outer reef slopes. Also occurs in lagoons. Feeds on zooplankton and other benthic invertebrates. Occurs in small to large groups of mix sexes but females outnumber males greatly. Some geographical variations of nuptial males that are influenced by the presence of similar species. Males readily display to each other or to females to spawn by flashing their colors and 'racing' past with erected fins. Hybridizes with several other species, and are most colorful where other similar species occur in the same area (Ref. 48636). At 15 cm SL, this could well be the largest species of the genus so far (CB).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and R. Lubbock, 1981. Labrid fishes of the genus Paracheilinus, with descriptions of three new species from the Philippines. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 28(1):19-30. (Ref. 2139)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00466 - 0.02049), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .