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Kneria rukwaensis  Seegers, 1995

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Kneria rukwaensis
Male picture by Seegers, L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gonorynchiformes (Milkfish) > Kneriidae (Shellears)
Etymology: Kneria: From Kner, that studied fishes in the Imperial Museum of Vienna, with Jean Natterer (1817) (Ref. 45335);  rukwaensis: Refers to the Lake Rukwa basin, Tanzania and Zambia, where the center of distribution of the species is situated; an adjective (Ref. 26644).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical; ? - 20°C (Ref. 27292)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: restricted to the western drainage of the Lake Rukwa system and to the upper Kalambo drainage (Tanganyika basin) in Tanzania and Zambia (Ref. 26644).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26644)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9 - 11. Diagnosis: dorsal fin origin behind pelvic fin origin; 96-104 lateral line scales; preanal length 70.7-76.2% SL; prepelvic length 46.7-52.6% SL; 9-11 anal fin rays (Ref. 26644). Lower lobe of caudal fin longer and narrower than upper lobe in fully adult males (Ref. 26644, 27292), the upper lobe as long as the proximal part of the caudal fin (Ref. 27292). Opercular disc of males characteristic, its posterior margin broad, and postopercular apparatus well developed and pillow-like (Ref. 26644).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum total length recorded is 7.44cm TL (Ref. 26644). Mostly found in stagnant pools and moderately flowing streams, only rarely in fast flowing currents; omnivorous; a female of 6.55cm TL releases about 400-500 ripe eggs of a diameter of 1.2mm (Ref. 27292). Apparently no marked spawning period (Ref. 44637). Male reported to change its coloration at night, being very pale with dark spots along the midline of the body (Ref. 27292).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Seegers, L., 1995. Revision of the Kneriidae of Tanzania with description of three new Kneria species (Teleostei: Gonorhynchifromes). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 6(2):97-128. (Ref. 26644)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .