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Microbrotula rubra  Gosline, 1953

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Microbrotula rubra
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Bythitinae
Etymology: Microbrotula: Greek, mikros = small + Latin, brotula, -ae = little, bud, shoot (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 1 m (Ref. 34024).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Endemic to Hawaii.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 81-92; Anal soft rays: 72 - 80; Vertebrae: 46. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: vertebrae 11 + 35 = 46, D 81-92, A 72-80, pectoral-fin rays 12-14, caudal-fin rays 6; anterior dorsal fin ray above vertebra 11; anterior anal fin ray below dorsal fin ray 9; anterior anal fin ray below vertebra 13; head with scales on cheek, opercle and occiput; numerous papillae on entire head; lateral-line papillae along entire length of body; absence of spine at lower angle of preopercle; 3 posterior mandibular pores, 3 posterior infraorbital pores, 1 lower preopercular pore, 1 upper preopercular pore 1; palatine teeth strong, in single row (Ref. 88975).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Rare species, known from a depth of 1 m, over mixed coral and sand (Ref. 34024). Benthic (Ref. 58302).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec < 100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .