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Parasaccogaster normae  (Cohen & Nielsen, 1972)

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Parasaccogaster normae   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Parasaccogaster normae
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Bythitinae
Etymology: Parasaccogaster: Name refers to the similarity to Saccogaster..   More on author: Cohen, Nielsen.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 80 - 150 m (Ref. 93007).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: off Peru to Costa Rica.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.2 cm (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 83-87; Anal soft rays: 51 - 54; Vertebrae: 54 - 56. This species is distinguished from it congeners by the following characters: gill filaments on anterior arch is 4-5 times the length of the developed rakers; a pair of very small, subdermal, closely set spines on frontal plate above and behind eyes, absence of spine on ethmoid; anterior arch with 2-3 developed rakers, not much longer than spiny knobs; gill filaments on anterior arch 4-5 times length of developed rakers; palatines 2-4 tooth rows; prolonged pectoral peduncle adnate to body; vertebrae, precaudal 14-16 and total 54-56; fin rays, D 83-87, A 51-54, caudal 12-13, pectoral 17-19 (Ref. 93007).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Rare species, known from two specimens (Ref. 34024). A viviparous species living on the lower part of the continental shelf (80-150 m). Four examined female specimens are with well-developed eggs but apparently no embryos. Sections of ripe testes show that the spermatozoans are arranged in spermatophores (Ref. 93007).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nielsen, J.G., W. Schwarzhans and D.M. Cohen, 2012. Revisions of Hastatobythites and Saccogaster (Teleostei, Bythitidae) with three new species and a new genus. Zootaxa 3579:1-36. (Ref. 93007)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .