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Scarus fuscocaudalis  Randall & Myers, 2000

Darktail parrotfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Scarus fuscocaudalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scarus fuscocaudalis (Darktail parrotfish)
Scarus fuscocaudalis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335);  fuscocaudalis: Named in reference to the dark color of the large central portion of the caudal fin of the initial phase (Ref. 40928).   More on author: Randall.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 45 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, Philippines, and Guam. Records from Indonesia and Papua New Guinea are questionable and confirmation is needed.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 25. Presence of 4 median predorsal scales; 3 rows of scales on cheek, the upper row with 6-7 scales, the middle row with 6 scales, and the lower row with 1 or 2 scales; 1 or 2 laterally projecting canines posteriorly on side of dental plates of adults; lips covering more than 3/4 of dental plates; dorsal fin moderately high, the longest dorsal spine 2.1-2.6 in head length; caudal fin truncate in young, double marginate in initial-phase fish, and somewhat lunate in terminal males. Initial phase fish brownish pink to rose pink, the throat and thorax green with green stripes extending posteriorly across abdomen; naked part of caudal fin blackish with orange lobes and a broad whitish posterior margin; body of terminal males pink and green, with blue and pink stripes ventrally; head blue with pink stripes ( a broad one on snout passing through lower eye to pectoral-fin base, and another from behind eye across upper part of operculum); naked part of caudal fin purple centrally, green posteriorly, the lobes blue with a pink submarginal band.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in coastal to outer reef crests and along drop-offs, usually in small groups (Ref. 48636); occurs at depths greater than 20 m (Ref. 40928).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall, 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97. (Ref. 35918)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00337 - 0.01872), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .