Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Alepocephalus: Greek, alepos, alepidotos = without scales + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335); planifrons: Named for its wide, smooth upper surface on the head.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 400 - 750 m (Ref. 41471). Deep-water
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 18 - 21;
Vertebrae: 52 - 54. Head relatively short, <39.5-0.025% SL. Snout short (22-28%HL); broadly triangular anteriorly when viewed from above. Orbit diameter about 1/5 to 1/4 HL, along the whole upper edge and on the separate elongate-shaped part of the lower-posterior part of the orbit are accumulation s of whitish connective tissue. Interorbital space very wide, ca. 17-30% HL, flat, narrows very slightly at the middle of the orbit. Upper jaw extends to below the center of the orbit. Branchiostegal rays 8-9. Transverse rows of scales above lateral line 60-65, 30-35 predorsal. Gill rakers' length less than gill lamellae length, and completely free at the base. Opercle has a projection at the lower anterior corner; subopercle has a wide posterior edge usually with no separate processes. Anus not shifted forward from the origin of the anal fin. Pyloric caeca 12-18 (Ref. 41471).
Inhabits continental slopes.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sazonov, Y.I., 1994. A new species of slickhead Alepocephalus planifrons (Alepocephalidae) from the southeastern Pacific. J. Ichthyol. 34(2):104-111. (Ref. 41471)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 4, mean 2.6 (based on 75 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00181 - 0.00797), b=3.16 (2.97 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .