Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Melanostomiinae
Etymology: Eustomias: Greek, eu = good + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Johnson & Rosenblatt.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 1100 m (Ref. 11333). Deep-water; 25°N - 30°S
Pacific Ocean: between 10° and 25°N and between 20° and 30°S.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11333); 14.6 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A single, cone-shaped terminal bulb 0.9-1.5% SL except in the smallest specimen. Barbel relatively short 25-52% SL except in specimens smaller than 7 cm. A single, simple or bifurcate, short terminal filament 5.1-1.6% SL, decreasing relatively with growth. Proximal end of bulb almost flat, with a solid black cap. Axis of stem moderately to lightly pigmented. No spot usually at the base of both. External chevron-shaped or roundish striated areas unpigmented. Middorsal paired spots between occiput and dorsal-fin origin 8 (rarely 9) (Ref. 11333).
Mesopelagic at 50-800 m (Ref. 58302). Environment and actual depth range needs verification.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gibbs, R.H. Jr., T.A. Clarke and J.R. Gomon, 1983. Taxonomy and distribution of the stomioid fish genus Eustomias (Melanostomiidae), I: subgenus Nominostomias. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 380:139 p. (Ref. 11333)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.9 - 20.5, mean 15.3 (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.8 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .