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Meiacanthus urostigma  Smith-Vaniz, Satapoomin & Allen, 2001

Tailspot fangblenny
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Meiacanthus urostigma   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Meiacanthus urostigma (Tailspot fangblenny)
Meiacanthus urostigma
Picture by Satapoomin, U.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Blenniidae (Combtooth blennies) > Blenniinae
Etymology: Meiacanthus: Greek, meion = less = lessen + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 13 m (Ref. 52304).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: known from the type locality, Surin Neur Island, south coast, Phangnga Province, Surin Islands, 9°24'56"N, 97°52'40"E.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 4 - 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 224; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 15 - 16; Vertebrae: 32 - 34. A species of Meiacanthus with dentary glands positioned ventraly and encapsulated in dentary bone; no lateral line; mid-point of supratemporal canal ending in pair of pores; only 2 pores each in mandibular and posttemporal series; posttemporal bone reduced, wedge-shaped without ventral arm; infraorbital bones; and colour pattern characterized by uniformly pale tan body with narrow dark lateral stripe extending from snout to near beginning of bright orange-yellow caudal peduncle, where it is typically interrupted and replaced by elongate black spot.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit coral outcrops, coastal reefs. They occur in small or large groups which may exceed 100 individuals (Ref. 90102). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114). Mimicked by Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus (Ref. 90102). Minimum depth of 1 m reported from Ref. 90102.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Williams, Jeffrey T. | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 2003. Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003. (Ref. 46206)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00253 - 0.01194), b=3.05 (2.85 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .