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Achondrostoma occidentale  (Robalo, Almada, Sousa Santos, Moreira & Doadrio, 2005)

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Achondrostoma occidentale
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Achondrostoma: Name refers to the absence of horny plate on the mouth.;  occidentale: From the Latin name occidentale, in reference to the occurrence of this species in Portugal area known as Oeste, meaning west in English.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Alcabrichel, Sizandro and Safarujo drainages in Estremadura, Portugal.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Belongs to the Chondrostoma arcasii - C. oligolepis species group characterized by lack of horny blade on the lower lip and having a lateral line scale which is much lower than other bladeless species of Chondrostoma. Distinguished from C. arcasii and C. oligolepis by the following combination of characters: 40-43 canaliculate scales on the lateral line; 6-7 scales above the lateral line; 2-3 scales below the lateral line. Axillary pelvic scale shorter than or equal to the insertion of the pelvic fin; and the coronoid process of the dentary is very thick (Ref. 55625). Diagnosed from its congeners by the possession of the following characters: lateral line usually with 37-41 + 2-3 scales; 3-4 (modally 3) scale rows between lateral line and pelvic fin origin; 14 circumpeduncular scale rows; eye diameter greater than snout length; snout usually pointed, conical; and ventral profile of head without marked angle at articulation of lower jaw (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in small coastal streams that have a greatly reduced water flow in the dry summer period (Ref. 55625). During dry summer time, fish become concentrated in a few pools seeking shelter in shady areas under the cover of vegetation (Ref. 55625). Occur in lower stretches of rivers. Threatened due to pollution, intensive agriculture and water abstraction. Size reaches up to at least 9.5 cm SL (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Endangered (EN) (B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii))

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00356 - 0.02129), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .