Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Gastromyzontidae
Etymology: Gastromyzon: Greek, gaster = stomach + Greek, myzo = to suckle (Ref. 45335); umbrus: From the Latin adjective umbra, meaning shade or shadow, in allusion to the dusky body coloration; also to the shadow cast on the throat area by the chin (the basins where this species occurs is at the throat region) of the Hog's head of Borneo island.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Asia: Northeastern Borneo in the Kalabakan and Sebuku River basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57871)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5;
Vertebrae: 29 - 30. Can be distinguished from other species of the genus by possessing the following unique combination of characters: gill slit angular; subopercular groove present and continuous to pectoral fin origin; body dark brown; head dorsum dark brown; sublacrymal groove present; a rounded snout when viewed dorsally; secondary rostrum absent; post-oral pouch absent; abdomen without scales; lateral line scales 50-52; pelvic fin overlapping anal fin origin, adpressed dorsal fin overlapping level of anal fin origin (Ref. 57871).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tan, H.H., 2006. The Borneo suckers. Revision of the torrent loaches of Borneo (Balitoridae): Gastromyzon, Neogastromyzon). Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia : Natural History Publications (Borneo) in association with Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research. vii, 245 p. : ill. (some col.), maps ; 26 cm. (Ref. 57871)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00172 - 0.01158), b=3.14 (2.91 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .