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Diancistrus tongaensis  Schwarzhans, Møller & Nielsen, 2005

Tonga coralbrotula
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Diancistrus tongaensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Diancistrus tongaensis (Tonga coralbrotula)
Diancistrus tongaensis
Male picture by W. Schwarzhans et al.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Diancistrus: Greek, di = two + Greek, agkistron = hook (Ref. 45335);  tongaensis: Named for Tonga where the majority of the specimens were taken..   More on author: Schwarzhans, Nielsen.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 57884).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central Pacific: New Caledonia to southern Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa; tentatively Santa Cruz Islands (Vanikolo), Vanuatu (Banks Islands), Phoenix Islands (Kiribati), Wallis Island and Tahiti.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57884); 5.8 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 71-80; Anal soft rays: 57 - 66; Vertebrae: 39 - 42. This species is characterized by the following: vertebrae 11+(28)29-31=(39) 40-42, dorsal fin rays 71-80, anal fin rays 57-66; small eyes (1.3-2.3% SL); outer pseudoclasper with large ear-lobe extension, ventrally opening; inner pseudoclasper free from outer pseudoclasper, with supporter, forming a broad, distally expanded, not inclined flap, with short thorn; narrow scale patch on cheek, no scales on operculum; head profile slender; otolith length to height ratio 1.9-2.0 (Ref. 57884).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Schwarzhans, W., P.R. Møller and J.G. Nielsen, 2005. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei, Bythitidae) of the Indo-West-Pacific. Part I. Diancistrus and two new genera with 26 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museum and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 21:73-163. (Ref. 57884)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00175 - 0.01142), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .