Caranx papuensis  Alleyne & MacLeay, 1877

Brassy trevally
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Caranx papuensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Caranx papuensis (Brassy trevally)
Caranx papuensis
Picture by Koch, R.J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Macleay.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; non-migratory.   Tropical; 30°N - 23°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 88.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); common length : 55.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287); max. published weight: 6.4 kg (Ref. 4699)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21-23; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 16 - 19. Brassy to yellowish green dorsally, shading to silvery on side with scattered dark spots (becoming more numerous with age), conspicuous silvery white spot just behind upper rear edge of opercle, dusky upper caudal fin lobe, and bright yellow to dusky lower lobe with narrow white border (Ref. 90102, Ref. 48635). Body oblong and compressed; dorsal profile moderately convex to second dorsal fin, ventral profile slightly convex. Breast scaleless ventrally, usually with small patch of prepelvic scales. Adipose eyelid weakly developed. (Ref. 90102)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Zanzibar, Tanzania and South Africa to Caroline and Marquesan islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit lagoon and seaward reefs, occasionally entering rivers. Juveniles found in estuaries. Swims high over bottom (Ref. 48635). Solitary or in schools (Ref. 90102). Feed primarily on fishes. Excellent food fish (Ref. 12484).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.01077 - 0.02679), b=2.96 (2.83 - 3.09), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.