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Melanorivulus planaltinus  (Costa & Brasil, 2008)

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Melanorivulus planaltinus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae (Rivulines)
Etymology: planaltinus: Derived from the Planaltina (from the high plains), a Portuguese name for the county where the type locality is located.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: known only from the type locality in the Cocal River floodplains, Maranhão River drainage, upper Tocantins River basin in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75171); 2.8 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal soft rays: 12 - 14. Belongs to the subgenus Melanorivulus by having all the subgeneric synapomorphic characters: short and pointed dorsal portion of preopercle; melanophores concentrated on opercular region to form oblique stripes; melanophores concentrated on margins of unpaired fins in females; black spot on upper portion of caudal-fin base not close to fin margin in females. Differs from all other species of Melanorivulus by the following characters: lack or extreme reduction of pelvic fins and pelvic girdle; vomerine teeth 5-7; and basihyal width about 70% basihyal length (Ref. 75171).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Costa, W.J.E.M. and G.C. Brasil, 2008. A new pelvicless killifish species of the genus Rivulus, subgenus Melanorivulus (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae), from the upper Tocantins River Basin, Central Brazil. Copeia 2008(1):82-85. (Ref. 75171)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00199 - 0.01154), b=3.14 (2.93 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .