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Marcusenius devosi  Kramer, Skelton, van der Bank & Wink, 2007

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Marcusenius devosi
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Marcusenius: Becasue of J. Marcusen, author of "Zur Phauna des Schwarzen Meeres", 1867; ichthyologist;  devosi: Marcusenius devosi is named in honour of Dr. Luc De Vos, late curator of fishes at Nairobi Museum, for his contributions to African ichthyology and promotion of ichthyology in East Africa (Ref. 75962).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Tana River, but range extension both to the north and south likely (Ref. 75962).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 121 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75962)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21-24; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 26 - 30. Diagnosis: Marcusenius devosi can be distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: distance dorsal fin origin to end of caudal peduncle 39.5-43.4% of standard length, preanal distance 57.0-61.0% of standard length, predorsal distance 59.8-64.0% of standard length, caudal peduncle length 19.2-22.1% of standard length, number of scales in linear series along the lateral line row 56-66, dorsal fin rays 21-24, anal fin rays 26-30, and 14-18 scales around caudal peduncle (Ref. 75962). Electric organ discharge lacking weak head-negative pre-potential, strong Namp relative to Pamp, but short Ndur, Pdur of long duration (Ref. 75962). description: Head with terminal mouth well in front of eye, mental lobe on lower jaw protruding beyond upper jaw; head and body dorsolaterally compressed (Ref. 75962). Dorsal fin situated about two thirds of standard length from snout, obliquely orientated, anteriorly higher and posteriorly lower, distal margin sometimes only slightly crescentic with anterior two or three rays longer than posterior rays, number of rays 21-24; anal fin opposite dorsal fin with distinctly more anterior origin, obliquely orientated, anteriorly lower and posteriorly higher, anterior rays longer than posterior ones, especially in males where they also appear stronger and often darkened, distal margin crescentic, number of rays 26-30 (Ref. 75962). Scales cycloid with reticulate striae, scales extending anteriorly to operculum and pectoral fins; scales on caudal peduncle circumference, 14-18 (Ref. 75962). Caudal peduncle relatively deep, subcylindrical enire length, usually 19.0-21.0 on standard length (Ref. 75962). Electric organ discharge biphasic lacking a weak pre-potential, Pamp of relatively long duration, increasing with standard length at least in females and juveniles, Ndur of very short duration, but very strong Namp; no sexual dimorphism recognized (Ref. 75962). Colouration: Colour in preservation: head and back when seen from above, dark; body sides light brown to light ochre, the ochre found especially on lower parts and underside; dorsal fin usually darker than anal fin; homogeneous colouration without any blotches, increasingly lighter from back to belly (Ref. 75962).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kramer, B., P. Skelton, H. van der Bank and M. Wink, 2007. Allopatric differentiation in the Marcusenius macrolepidotus species complex in southern and eastern Africa: the resurrection of M. pongolensis and M. angolensis, and the description of two new species (Mormyridae, Teleostei). J. Nat. Hist. 41(9-12):647-708. (Ref. 75962)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .