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Paedocypris carbunculus  Britz & Kottelat, 2008

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Paedocypris carbunculus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Danioninae
Etymology: Paedocypris: Name from the Greek words 'Paideios' meaning children and 'Cypris' for Venus, common suffix for cyprinid genera; gender feminine.;  carbunculus: Derived from the Latin carbunculus (gemstone ruby), in reference to the ruby in live coloration..   More on author: Kottelat.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 4.1 - ?; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 78740).   Tropical; 29°C - ? (Ref. 78740)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Borneo, Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78740); 1.1 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from other members of the genus Paedocypris by the shape of the head blotches. Can be differentiated further from Paedocypris micromegethes by the possession of the following characters: middorsal stripe with chromatophores in three rows (vs. in a single row); head kidney pigment (vs. absence); well developed opercular, subopercular, preopercular and branchiostegal rows, and isthmus gular pigmentation (vs. absence or consisting of only a few chromatophores); chest spots (vs. absence); chest blotch well developed (vs. poorly developed or absent); and preanal larval fin fold in adult females (vs. absence). Can be separated further from Paedocypris progenetica by the presence of median row of the middorsal stripe formed by separated individual chromatophores (vs. chromatophores forming an uninterrupted line) and sparse pigmentation on the upper and lower lips (vs. heavy pigmented lips appearing uniformly black) (Ref. 78740).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in areas with slow current, usually forming small shoals approximately up to 100-200 individuals, most abundant near or under overhanging structures or submerged vegetation. The type specimen was collected in a small stream, 3-6 m wide and 0.5 to 2 m depth, with substrate ranging from sand to detritus and peat, with flowing blackwater (Ref. 78740).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Britz, R. and M. Kottelat, 2008. Paedocypris carbunculus, a new species of miniature fish from Borneo (Teleostei: Cyprinidontiformes: Cyprinidae). Raffles Bull. Zool. 56(2):415-422. (Ref. 78740)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00235 - 0.02229), b=3.07 (2.82 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .