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Parapercis shaoi  Randall, 2008

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Parapercis shaoi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae (Sandperches)
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335);  shaoi: Named for Kwang-Tsao Shao, Taiwan..   More on author: Randall.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 160 m (Ref. 79876).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Taiwan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79876)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 17; Vertebrae: 30. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body color in life red dorsally, white ventrally, 9 brown bars on upper third body, darkest on edges, especially ventrally; ventral 2/3 with orange-red bars aligned with the dorsal dark bars; head light red with a large curved red band extending ventrally from eye; snout with a dark orangish band along edge of upper lip; fins without dark markings except for a dark spot at base of soft rays of the dorsal fin; D V,21; A I,17; pectoral rays 16-18 (nearly all with 17); lower jaw projecting, 3 pairs of canine teeth anteriorly in lower jaw; palatine teeth absent; vomer with a row of stout conical teeth, followed by another row of very small teeth; ctenoid scales on body, becoming cycloid on nape, ventrally on abdomen, and prepelvic area; cheek with cycloid scales, small, progressively smaller and a few nonimbricate ventrally; preopercle margin no distinct sharp serrae; greatest body depth 4.7-5.1 in SL; head length (HL) 3.2-3.3 in SL; snout length 3.0-3.2 in HL; orbit diameter 3.7-4.05 in HL; interorbital width 6.25-7.35 in HL; fourth dorsal spine is the longest, 3.85-4.5 in HL; caudal fin slightly rounded with no distinct posterior prolongation centered on third branched ray; pectoral fins 3.85-4.50 in SL; pelvic fins reaching origin of anal fin, 4.35-4.85 in SL (Ref. 79876).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ho, Hsuan-Ching | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., 2008. Six new sandperches of the genus Parapercis from the Western Pacific, with description of a neotype for P. maculata (bloch and Schneider). The Raffles Bull. Zool. 19:159-178. (Ref. 79876)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00285 - 0.01461), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .