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Parapercis vittafrons  Randall, 2008

Bandhead sandperch
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Parapercis vittafrons
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae (Sandperches)
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335);  vittafrons: Named for its 4 dark brown bands ('vitta') that pass ventrally and anteriorly from the eye across the front of the head ('frons' meaning face)..   More on author: Randall.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 15 - 35 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79876); 8.1 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 17; Vertebrae: 30. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body color when fresh brown dorsally, 6 U-shaped, dark brown bars, interrupted by a lateral pinkish white stripe from large roundish dark brown spots below; nape colored like body; head whitish, the operculum with 4 close-set, dark-edged, orange bars; 4 blackish bands extending below and anterior to eye, the first 2 crossing the upper lip; ventral part of head with blackish spots; spinous portion of dorsal fin orange-yellow with a large basal black spot, a white margin, and submarginal reddish line; blackish streaks extending into base of soft dorsal fin above dark bars on back with rows of small dark spots above; 2 broad, blackish stripes on caudal fin; a black bar at base of pectoral fin, followed by a pale-edged brown spot; whitish pelvic fins; D V,21; A I,17; pectoral rays 17; 57-58 lateral line scales; gill rakers 4-6 + 8-10; lower jaw projecting, 2-3 pairs of canine teeth anteriorly in upper jaw, 3 in lower; palatine teeth absent; vomerine teeth in a narrow chevron-shaped patch of 2 irregular rows of small pointed incurved teeth; greatest body depth 4.90-5.25 in SL; head length (HL) 3.45-3.55 in SL; orbit diameter 3.65-4.05 in HL; cheek scales small and cycloid (except for a few ctenoid dorsally), progressively smaller nonimbricate and partially embedded ventrally; fourth dorsal spine is the longest, 3.4-4.25 in HL; caudal fin rounded ventrally, truncate dorsally, except for a protruding pointed posterior lobe formed mainly be second and third branched rays; pectoral fins 5.3-5.55 in SL; pelvic fins just reaching anus, 4.15-4.5 in SL (Ref. 79876).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in silty sand areas with some rocks and debris at about 15-35 m depth (Ref. 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ho, Hsuan-Ching | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., 2008. Six new sandperches of the genus Parapercis from the Western Pacific, with description of a neotype for P. maculata (bloch and Schneider). The Raffles Bull. Zool. 19:159-178. (Ref. 79876)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00285 - 0.01461), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .