Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335); waleananus: Named for its type and only confirmed locality Walea Island, Sulawesi, Indonesia, where this species occurs and the Latin nanus for "dwarf".
This species is a synonym of Hippocampus satomiae Lourie & Kuiter, 2008 according to Lourie et al., 2016 (Ref. 115213). This species record will be removed.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; non-migratory, usually 5 - 20 m (Ref. 80667). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Asia: Indonesia. Known only from the Togean Islands in Tomini Bay, central Sulawesi (Ref. 80667).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80667)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 12. Extremely small (height 16.8mm, standard length 17.8mm); 12 trunks rings; tail elongate with 32 tail rings; 12 dorsal fin rays; 9 pectoral fin rays; anal fin absent (at least in one sex); eggs apparently brooded within trunk; medium length snout that lacks a bulbous tip; raised, angular coronet; fused gill openings on midline behind coronet supported by raised cleithral girdle; enlarged knob-like structures on head and trunk; paired laterally directed knob-like structures each with short fleshy filament on superior trunk ridge of the fifth trunk ring; last 28 tail rings each with small paired knobs on inferior tail ridge, fifth, ninth and twelfth tail rings with bilaterally paired enlarged knob-like structures on superior tail ridges; pale pinkish to yellowish with red to brown blotches, radiating bands from eye; body protuberances white, appearing as white spots (Ref. 80667).
Occurs on Nepthea soft coral in 5-20 m (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
Gomon, M.F. and R.H. Kuiter, 2009. Two new pygmy seahorses (Teleostei: Syngnathidae: Hippocampus) from the Indo-West Pacific. Aqua Int. J. Ichthyol. 15(1):37-44. (Ref. 80667)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00164 - 0.01111), b=3.00 (2.78 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .