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Achirus mucuri  Ramos, Ramos & Lopes, 2009

American sole
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Achirus mucuri
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Achiridae (American soles)
Etymology: Achirus: Greek, a = without + Greek, cheir = hands (Ref. 45335);  mucuri: The word mucuri is in reference to the name of the type locality of the new species, the Mucuri River, northeastern Brazil.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 18°S - 19°S, 39°W - 40°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil. Achirus mucuri is known only from the Mucuri River estuary, a small system situated between the Jequitinhonha and Doce rivers, south of Bahia state coast drainage, northeastern Brazil (Ref. 80995).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80995)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Achirus mucuri is distinguished from all its congeners, except A. novoae, by possessing a connection on both the blind and ocular sides between the branchiostegal membrane and the isthmus, with the connection being slightly stronger on the blind side (vs. complete absence of connections between branchiostegal membranes and isthmus). Additionally, the species is distinguished from its congeners by having a light-brown body color, with regularly-scattered, minute, darkbrown blotches that are sometimes concentrated to form larger spots. Five specimens differed from the typical light-brown body color in having a brownish-gray background, and one specimen showed brownish-white body pigmentation. The new species differs from A. novoae by the presence of a large, ramified labial fimbriae (vs. simple, non-ramified, minute labial fimbriae in A. novoae) and by the shape of the infraorbital canal (extending around ventral margin of fixed eye) (vs. infraorbital canal that stops dorsal to fixed eye in A. novoae (Ref. 80995).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ramos, Robson T.C. | Collaborators

Ramos, R.T.C., T.P.A. Ramos and P.R.D. Lopes, 2009. New species of Achirus (Pleuronectiformes: Achiridae) from Northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 2113:55-62. (Ref. 80995)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00556 - 0.02601), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .