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Diagramma centurio  Cuvier, 1830

Sailfin rubberlip
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Diagramma centurio   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Diagramma centurio
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Diagramma: Greek, diagramma = mark out by lines (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Cuvier.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 50 m (Ref. 58304).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Kenya to Durban, Comoros, Madagascar and Seychelles.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58304)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21-25; Anal soft rays: 7. This species possess the following characters: D IX-X, 21-25, with anterior spines elongated in small juveniles and with 2nd and 3rd longest in adults; pectoral fin rays 17-18, fin shorter than head and subequal to pelvic fins; lateral line scales 56-66; gill rakers 3-9/14-15; adult's lips swollen. Adults and subadults which are 30-100 cm long with uniform silvery grey or with numerous dark brown or black dots on head and dorsal part of the body; subadults with slightly larger orange-brown spots scattered dorsally on the head, body and peduncle. Juveniles of about 12 cm are grey or yellow, with broad black band from snout through eye to end of tail fin; another band from top of head to rear of dorsal fin; curving black band over front and basal 2/3 of dorsal from and black margins on pelvic and anal fins, and corners of tail fin; additional stripes appear with growth, at ca. 20 cm, stripes break up into spots (Ref. 58304);

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Juveniles in seagrass beds. Large adults solitary or in small groups. Caught with line and apparently an excellent food fish (Ref. 58304).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C. and E. Heemstra, 2004. Coastal fishes of Southern Africa. National Inquiry Service Centre (NISC) and South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), Grahamstown. 488 p. (Ref. 58304)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .