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Onychostoma virgulatum  Xin, Zhang & Cao, 2009

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Onychostoma virgulatum
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
Etymology: Onychostoma: Greek, onyx, -ychos = nail + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335);  virgulatum: Named from Latin adjective "virgulatus", meaning striped, in reference to the longitudinal dark brown stripe extending along the lateral line.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Qiupu River, a tributary of the southern bank of the lower Yangtze River in South China.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82789)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 40 - 41. Moderate mouth with a nearly transverse or slightly arched opening with the extremities slightly curved posteriorly and its width equal to or slightly less than the corresponding head width and a short post-labial groove extending along half of the length of the lower jaw lateral margin. Differs from all other species of Onychostoma, except Onychostoma meridionale and Onychostoma fusiforme, with a moderate mouth by the possession of a longitudinal dark brown stripe extending along the lateral line. Can be diagnosed from these two species in having two pairs of barbels in adults (vs. present in juveniles, but absent in adults in Onychostoma fusiforme, or absent in adults and juveniles in Onychostoma meridionale. Differs further from Onychostoma fusiforme by having the following characters: deeper body depth 26.3-27.7% SL (vs. 20.4-23.8), stouter caudal peduncle (length 18.5-21.0% SL, vs. 20.5-23.7 and depth 7.6-9.1% SL vs. 6.7-8.0 or depth 36.1-48.8% of its length vs. 29.7-37.5); prepelvic length 49.8-51.3% SL (vs. 46.2-48.7); preanal length 72.6-74.8% SL (vs. 68.3-71.5). Also distinguished from Onychostoma meridionale in having a stout, serrated last simple dorsal-fin ray (vs. slender, smooth) (Ref. 82789).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Xin, Q., E. Zhang and W.-X. Cao, 2009. Onychostoma virgulatum, a new species of cyprinid fish (Pisces: Teleostei) from southern Anhui Province, South China. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 20(3):255-266. (Ref. 82789)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00382 - 0.02499), b=2.98 (2.75 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .