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Ammodytoides xanthops  Randall & Heemstra, 2008

Yellow face sandlance
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Ammodytoides xanthops   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Ammodytoides xanthops (Yellow face sandlance)
Ammodytoides xanthops
Picture by Heemstra, P.C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Ammodytidae (Sand lances)
Etymology: Ammodytoides: Greek, ammos = sand + Greek, dytes = anyone that likes immersions, diving (Ref. 45335);  xanthops: Name from the Greek 'xanthos' for yellow and 'ops' for face, referring to the dominant yellow colour of the head dorsally and anterior to the eye..   More on author: Randall.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 26 - 62 m (Ref. 83531).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83531)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 48-49; Anal soft rays: 23 - 24; Vertebrae: 57 - 59. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 48-49; A 23-24; pectoral rays 15-16 (usually 15); lateral-line scales 106-112; absence of small scales dorsally on opercle; gill rakers 5-6 + 22-25; vertebrae 57-59; body depth 10.0-11.7% SL; eye diameter 3.3-3.5% SL; when fresh dark purplish gray dorsally, pale silvery blue on sides and ventrally; yellow on interorbital and most of head anterior to eye; dusky on front of snout and tip of lower jaw; series of 6-7 black spots at edge of dorsal fin; without black dots in fins; caudal fin with a broad blackish posterior border (Ref. 83531).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and P.C. Heemstra, 2008. Ammodytes xanthops, a new species of sandlance (Perciformes: Ammodytidae) from Mozambique. Smithiana,, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin No. 9: 21-25. (Ref. 83531)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00151 - 0.00760), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .