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Oryzias songkhramensis  Magtoon, 2010

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Oryzias songkhramensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Adrianichthyidae (Ricefishes) > Oryziinae
Etymology: Oryzias: Greek, oryza = rice; because of the habitat used by this fish (Ref. 45335);  songkhramensis: Named for the Songkhram River basin region of Thailand.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Songkhram and Mekong River basins, Northeastern Thailand

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84389)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 6-7; Anal soft rays: 15 - 17; Vertebrae: 27 - 29. Oryzias songkhramensis is distinguished from all other congeners by possessing the following combination of characters: anal-fin rays 15 - 16 (modally 16), bony contact organs on the anal-fin rays in males; a relatively anterior dorsal fin origin, opposite anal fin 13 - 14 (modally 14); vertebrae 27 - 29 (modally 28); fourth vertebra without neural prezygapophysis; scale relatively large, cycloid; 26 - 29 (modally 27) in a lateral series, predorsal scale 19 - 21 (modally 21); snout length shorter than eye diameter, snout length 12.9 - 31.2% (mean 21.7%) of HL; eye diameter 35.2 - 53.4% (mean 43.2%) of HL; a black spot at the base of pectoral fin, pectoral fin length 13.1 - 24.9% (mean 19.7%) of SL; length of anal fin base 19.4 - 30.0% (mean 25.6%) of SL; caudal peduncle length 11.3 - 20.3% (mean 16.7%) of SL; caudal fin slightly, rounded, length 3.6 - 3.8 (mean 3.7) in SL, black and pale yellow marginal bands on the dorsal and ventral portions of the caudal fin (Ref. 84389).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The species was collected in clear water from ditches and paddy fields by dip nets in the Songkhram and Mekong River basins. The area of collection is a small ditch, 3-6 m wide and 0.5 to 2 m deep, Substrate ranges from sand to detritus or mud. Associated species include Trichogaster trichopterus, Trichopsis vittatus, Rasbora rubrodorsalis, Channa striata and Machrobrachium lanchesteri; aquatic plants Nymphaea lotus, Jussiaea repens and Hydrilla verticillata. Water quality in the area: 27.5-28.7 ºC, conductivity 41.5-124.4 ?m/l, dissolved oxygen 2.05-3.97 mg/l, pH 7.1-7.9 and salinity 0.1 ppt (Ref. 84389).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Seegers, Lothar | Collaborators

Magtoon, W., 2010. Oryzias songkhramensis, A New Species of Ricefish (Beloniformes; Adrianichthyidae) from Northeast Thailand and Central Laos. Tropical Natural History 10(1): 107-129. (Ref. 84389)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00192 - 0.01252), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .