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Acanthopagrus pacificus  Iwatsuki, Kume & Yoshino, 2010

Pacific seabream
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Acanthopagrus pacificus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Acanthopagrus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, pagros, a kind of fish (Ref. 45335);  pacificus: Name refers to its distribution in the western Pacific. .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Japan to Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 21 - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86288); 34.8 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: 3.5 scale rows between fifth dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line; ventral edge of first two infraorbitals above rear end of maxilla straight in fish less than ca 30 cm SL, but a moderate concavity of the ventral edge of the first two infraorbitals above the posterior part of upper jaw obvious in specimens about 35 cm SL; front edge of dorsal scaly area on head slightly curved (convex) without small scales; total gill rakers 15-19, modally 17; deeper body, 45-48% SL (mean 47% SL); A III, 8-9, usually III, 8; smaller orbit diameter, 2.9-4.9 (mean 3.7) in head length/orbit diameter; second anal-fin spine (2AS) clearly longer than third anal-fin spine (3AS), 2AS/3AS 1.2-1.56 (mean 1.4); scales on preopercle flange absent; pelvic and anal fins uniformly dark black (Ref. 86288).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Mainly in brackish waters of estuaries and inlets, coastal rivers and tidal creeks, occasionally entering lower sections of freshwater streams (Ref. 44894). Juveniles inhabit protected bays and estuaries (Ref. 47715). Usually occurs singly or small groups, but may migrate in schools (Ref. 48635). A popular angling species, often caught with hook and line (Ref. 44894).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Iwatsuki, Y., M. Kume and T. Yoshino, 2010. A new species, Acanthopagrus pacificus from the Western Pacific (Pisces, Sparidae). Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. A, 36(4):115-130. (Ref. 86288)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.01087 - 0.02779), b=3.06 (2.93 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1.15).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100) .