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Parapercis maramara  Sparks & Baldwin, 2012

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Parapercis maramara
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae (Sandperches)
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335);  maramara: Named in reference to the abundant and prominent spotting on the head, flank, and caudal fin (from the Malagasy maramara = spotted) (Ref. 89488).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: Madagascar. Known only from the shallow nearshore reefs of northeastern Madagascar (Ref. 89488).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89488)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

The new species is distinguished from all congeners reported from the Western Indian Ocean by a unique pigmentation pattern on the caudal fin comprising a smaller oblong black patch dorsally near the base of the fin and a much larger elongate oval or anvil-shaped black patch ventrally that extends posteriorly over half the length of the fin, the presence of numerous smaller black blotches forming two to three bands distally on the caudal membrane, and a unique spotting pattern on the flank, comprising six to nine black blotches present along the lateral midline over a light background and a second series of eight or nine black blotches (none forming ocelli) on the lower flank at the ventral terminus of the lateral series of vertical brown bands (Ref. 89488).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ho, Hsuan-Ching | Collaborators

Sparks, J.S. and Z.H. Baldwin, 2012. A new species of Parapercis (Teleostei: Pinguipedidae) from Madagascar. Zootaxa 3204:31-39. (Ref. 89488)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00285 - 0.01461), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .