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Panaqolus koko  Fisch-Muller & Covain, 2012

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Panaqolus koko
Male picture by Fisch-Muller, S.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Ancistrinae
Etymology: Panaqolus: Derived from Panaque, see.;  koko: The name koko is a Wayana Amerindian name meaning night, in reference to the dark coloration of the species, and in allusion to the similarly colored and named Panaqolus nocturnus. A noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: upper Maroni River basin.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90183)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 5. This species is distinguished by its large and almost spoon-shaped teeth characteristic of Panaqolus but bifid instead of most generally unicuspid in congeners, and characterized by its specific barcode sequence (JF747003). Differs also from all other congeners except Panaqolus dentex and P. nocturnus by having a uniformly blackish-brown coloration (vs. banded pattern of coloration in P. purusiensis, P. gnomus, P. maccus, and P. changae; or spotted pattern of coloration in P. albomaculatus). It can be separated from Panaqolus dentex by having dark pigment on membrane and branched rays of all fins, as well as a smaller interorbital width (29.4-33.2% HL, mean 31.6, vs. 38.7), a shorter pectoral spine (29.8-31.3% HL, mean 30.3, vs. 34.8) and a greater caudal peduncle depth (12.0-13.4% SL, mean 12.9, vs. 10.8). It is readily distinguished from Panaqolus nocturnus by having larger eye (orbit length 18.8-20.8% HL vs. 13.7-15.9) (Ref. 90183).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in main river channel on a stony substrate at two meters depth (Ref. 90183). Collected together with the hypostomins Hemiancistrus medians, Peckoltia otali and Pseudancistrus barbatus, and with the loricariins Harttia guianensis, Loricaria cataphracta and Rineloricaria stewarti (Ref. 90183).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | Collaborators

Fisch-Muller, S., J.I. Montoya-Burgos, P.-Y. Le Bail and R. Covain, 2012. Diversity of the Ancistrini (Siluriformes: Locariidae) from the Guianas: the Panaque group, a molecular appraisal with description of new species. Cybium 36(1):163-193. (Ref. 90183)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00346 - 0.01664), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .