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Parapercis millepunctata  (Günther, 1860)

Black dotted sand perch
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Parapercis millepunctata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Parapercis millepunctata (Black dotted sand perch)
Parapercis millepunctata
Picture by Bailly, N.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae (Sandperches)
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 50 m (Ref. 1602).   Tropical; 30°N - 30°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: from Maldives to the Pitcairn group, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Throughout Oceania except Hawaii and Easter Island (Ref. 42740).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42740)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20-21; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 16 - 17. Recognized by the busy blotched pattern over the back, close-set series of brown to orange blotches behind the eyes on top of the head, and white blotch on the tail (Ref. 48636). No row of small blackish spots in outer third of anal fin. Males with an ocellated black spot above opercle next to upper end of gill opening (female with a smaller dark brown spot at this location) (Ref 42740).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits seaward reefs, usually on patches of rubble or pavement between corals. Also found in habitats with rubble and rock (Ref. 48636) solitary or in small groups (Ref. 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ho, Hsuan-Ching | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00285 - 0.01461), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .