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Microgobius urraca  Tornabene, van Tassell & Robertson, 2012

Dark-finned sand goby
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Image of Microgobius urraca (Dark-finned sand goby)
Microgobius urraca
Female picture by Van Tassell, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Microgobius: Greek, mikros = small + Latin, gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335);  urraca: Named after the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute’s research vessel the Urraca, which served the institute between 1994-2007; noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 12 - 20 m (Ref. 91780).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific, Panama.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91780); 6.2 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 14; Vertebrae: 27. This species is distinguished from Microgobius urraca in having the following characters: lateral scale rows 67-76; patch of ctenoid scales under the pectoral fin absent; unpigmented epaxial myosepta; first dorsal fin with a distinct oval-shaped dark blotch; three blue-white stripes on a dark caudal fin. It differs from the remaining eastern Pacific congeners in the number and type of scales (pectoral- and pelvic fin base without scales; pre-anal region with small embedded cycloid scales; small scales on anterior and ventral portions of trunk, partially imbedded, and in irregular rows, becoming larger and arranged in distinct rows dorsally and posteriorly; no small patch of ctenoid scales beneath pectoral fin); D1 VII, D2 I,14; A I,14; fleshy dorsal crest poorly developed and overall color pattern (Ref. 91780).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found over sand or sand and leaf litter bottoms; where collections are found in the latter, this species was collected with several specimens of Ptereleotris carinata and M. erectus. Presumed to be a burrowing species (Ref. 91780).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Tornabene, L., J.L. Van Tassel and D.R. Robertson, 2012. Microgobius urraca (Teleostei: Gobiidae), a new species of goby from the tropical eastern Pacific. Zootaxa 3447:41-55. (Ref. 91780)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00286 - 0.01390), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .