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Foa nivosa  Fraser & Randall, 2011

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Foa nivosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Foa nivosa
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: nivosa: Name from Latin adjective 'nivosus', meaning snowy; referring to numerous whitish spots on the body.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 48 m (Ref. 93673).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Palau, the Marshall Islands and Fiji; expected elsewhere in the Caroline Islands and from Indonesia, New Guinea and other islands to Fiji.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93673)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8; Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished by the following: usually 3-7 pored lateral-line scales and 12-14 gill rakers and rudiments; body scale margins uniform; body pale yellowish brown, suffused with red especially on head and ventrally on body, with numerous white spots outlined in red, no bars on head, body or peduncle; axil of pectoral fin without spot; 3 or more whitish basicaudal spots; second dorsal, anal and caudal fins pale reddish with small white spots, the membranes translucent (Ref. 93673).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Collected in Halimeda beds in 15-27 meters and in one collection, it included species of Padina, Caulerpa, and Dictyota (Ref. 93673).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Mouthbrooders. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Fraser, T.H. and J.E. Randall, 2011. Two new species of Foa (Apogonidae) from the Pacific Plate, with redescriptions of Foa brachygramma and Foa fo. Zootaxa, 2988:1-27. (Ref. 93673)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00726 - 0.03306), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .